This article is about signs, symptoms, diagnosis & treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia or blood cancer treatment. Also know about best hospitals for leukemia treatment in India and cost of leukemia treatment in India. India is known to some of the best doctors for leukemia treatment in the world. With world class technology & board certified leukemia specialists, India is known for leukemia treatment.
What is Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) ?
Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) is a kind of Cancer that effects bone marrow and the blood. Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia is described by overproduction of immature white blood cells. These cells are termed as Lymphoblasts or Leukemia blasts. These cells do not work like a normal lymphocytes & are unable to fight infection very well. As bone marrow is unable to make new white blood cells patients are susceptible to anemia, infections, bruising and bleeding very easily. These infected cells or blast cells then gets into the blood stream and get inside various organs like lymph nodes, spleen, liver, central nervous system, spinal chord etc.
Types of Acute Lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)
There are 3 types of Acute lymphoblastic leukemia:
- Pre B Cell Acute lymphoblastic leukemia. This kind of leukemia arises in B-lymphocytes in the early stages of development in the bone marrow.
- B Cell Acute lymphoblastic anemia arises in more mature developing lymphocytes.
- T Cell Acute lymphoblastic anemia arises in T cells.
Risk factors for Acute lymphoblastic leukemia
- Exposure to x-ray before birth.
- Exposure to radiation.
- Past treatment with chemotherapy.
- Genetic conditions like down syndrome, neurofibromatosis type 1, bloom syndrome, fanconi anemia, ataxia telangiectasia, li-fraumeni syndrome.
- Certain changes in chromosomes or genes.
Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia symptoms
- Repeated infection
- Increased bruising and bleeding
- Bone pain
- Swollen tender gum
- Skin rashes
- Enlarged lymph glands
- Chest pains
Diagnosis of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
- Physical examination and history.
- Complete blood count with differential.
- Blood chemistry studies.
- Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy.
- Cytogenetic analysis.
- Lumbar puncture.
- Chest X-ray
Treatment of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL)
Although treatment of ALL depends on lot of factors like age, time of diagnosis and its type, however Bone marrow stem cell transplant is among the best options.
Cost of treatment – Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL)
Cost of treatment for ALL vary from hospital to hospital India. It also varies on time of diagnosis and its symptoms. The total cost may vary between $ 25000 USD up to $ 75,000 USD depending up to the treatment required.
Best hospitals for Leukemia treatment in India
- BLK Superspecialty Hospital, New Delhi
- Artemis Hospital, Gurgaon
- Mazumdar Shaw Cancer Center, Bangalore
- HCG EKO Cancer Cneter, Kolkata
- American Oncology, Hyderabad
- Gleneagles Global Health City, Chennai
- Gleneagles Global BGS, Bangalore
- Continental Hospital, Hyderabad
- Yashoda Hospital, Hyderabad
- Seven Hills, Mumbai
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